Behavior Characteristics of Autism

According to Wikipedia, it is a brain development disorder that impairs social interaction and communication and causes restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old.

Another definition states that it is a neurodevelopmental disability, which in normal language is a condition that affects the normal growth of the brain so that the individual has difficulty with day-to-day living.

Autism is one of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), which are characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, and severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior.

Asperger syndrome is another and is a milder form of autism. The main difference in autism and asperger syndrome is that asperger syndrome has no substantive delay in language development.

Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors, which may or may not be evident in infancy (15 to 24 months). Usually these behaviors will be more obvious during early childhood (24 months to 6 years).

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) lists some behaviors that might indicate further evaluation is recommended.

These are:

  • Your child does not babble or coo by 12 months
  • Does not gesture (point, wave, forgive) by 12 months
  • Does not say single words by 16 months
  • Does not say two-word phrases on his or her own by 24 months
  • Does not want to cuddle or be cuddled

Below you will find some of the Characteristic Behaviors that are more obvious in children 24 months and older.

Significant difficulties with social interactions:

  • Has difficulty developing relationships with peers
  • Lack of interest in playing with other children (prefers being alone)
  • Has difficulty making eye contact with others
  • Shows little body language or facial expressions when interacting
  • Seems uninterested in sharing experiences
  • Engages less in give-and-take social interaction with others
  • Inability to share with others

Speech, language, and communication impairments:

  • Lack of conversational reciprocity
  • Inability to understand or use facial expressions and body language
  • Lack of speech, impaired speech or unusual speech
  • Echoes words or phrases (echolalia)

Significant difficulties in the development of play:

  • May use only parts of toys
  • Lines up or stacks objects
  • Obsessive attachment to objects
  • Lacks the ability to pretend play

Unusual responses to normal environmental sensory stimulation (hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity), involving sight, hearing (auditory), taste, smell, touch (tactile), proprioception and vestibular senses are quite common and predominant in automatic children.

These senses are known as sensory integration dysfunction . In sensory integration dysfunction also known as the sensory processing disorder (SPD), the senses are not correctly interpreted by the nervous system. In this situation, the world is perceived differently for this child than it actually exists for neurotypical individuals.

Because the nervous system tells the body how to react to this incorrect information, the behaviors are inappropriately for the given situation.

Some examples of these might be:

Vision:
(Hypersensitivity)

  • lack of eye contact
  • distracted by clutter
  • agitated with patterns or too many colors

(Hyposensitivity)

  • needs a visually stimulating environment (objects that spin and move)
  • tends to look directly into the lights

Hearing (auditory):
(Hypersensitivity)

  • Easily bothered by noises that may even cause an experience of intense pain

(Hyposensitivity)

  • May not respond to sounds, including hearing their name when called
  • May make lots of noises (humming, tapping, etc.)

  • Might be insistent on the TV or radio being very loud

Taste:
(Hypersensitivity)

  • Gags easily
  • Prefers not to mix foods
  • Has difficulty with certain textures

(Hyposensitivity)

  • Tends to constantly have something in the mouth (fingers, objects, or food)

Smell:
(Hypersensitivity)

  • May cause nausea, vomiting, and headaches
  • May cause agitation

(Hyposensitivity)

  • Desires strong aromas
  • May sniff people and other objects inappropriately

Touch (tactile):
(Hypersensitivity)

  • Needs large personal space
  • May be sensitive to some fabrics, seams and even tags
  • May have a dislike of touching certain textures
  • Dislikes being touched
  • If bumped or pushed, could become unusually angry

(Hyposensitivity)

  • Prefers small spaces
  • May not notice if they are hurt or injured

Proprioception:

  • Seems clumsy and uncoordinated

Vestibular:
(Hypersensitivity)

  • Due to gravitational insecurity, will have difficulty on stairs or escalators
  • May develop motion sickness easily

(Hyposensitivity)

  • Will seek movement and be in constant motion (rocking, spinning or swinging)

Repetitive stereotypic behavior known as stimming (may involve any or all of the senses to various degrees in different individuals)

  • Shows interest in very few objects or activities and plays with them in repetitive ways
  • Performs repetitive routines and resists changes in these routines
  • Spends time in repetitive movements such asaving a hand in front of his / her face, rocking, spinning, or pacing

Below are some examples of these:

  • Visual – staring at lights, blinking, gazing at fingers, lining up objects
  • Auditory – tapping fingers, snapping fingers, grunting, humming
  • Smell – smelling objects, sniffing people
  • Tactile – scratching, clapping, feeling objects, hair twisting, toe-walking
  • Taste – licking objects, placing objects in mouth
  • Proprioception – teeth grinding, pacing, jumping
  • Vestibular – rocking, hand waving, twirling, spinning, jumping, pacing or other rhythmic, repetitive motions

Difficulties in managing the child:

  • No real fear of dangers
  • Tantrums or no apparent reason
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Self-mutilation / abusive behavior such as head-banging, self-biting, and self-fitting
  • Laughing and / or crying for no apparent reason
  • Showing distress for reasons not interested to others
  • Apparent insensitivity to pain
  • Inappropriate response or no response to sound
  • Non-responsive to verbal cues – acts as if deaf

The child's development and abilities will seem very uneven – very poor skills in some areas, and exceptional abilities in others, such as music, memory, arithmetic, calendar arithmetic, drawing or manual dexterity – in the manipulation of puzzles and mechanical objects. Those displaying such skills are sometimes referred to as Savants.

There are two other characteristics found in children with autism. These children will tend to have issues with sleep and with stomach problems that can cause chronic constipation or dirrhea.

Now, having any of these characteristic behaviors does not mean your child has autism. It is, however, recommended that a child displaying any of these behaviors should be seen by a professional who is knowledgeable about autism.

For more information on Autism, please visit my website, found below. You will find pretty much everything you will want or need to know about autism and how to deal with it via the many resources, articles as well as videos found there.

Source by Saylor Niederworder

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Acupuncture Charts – A Closer Look at the 14 Meridians

Standard acupuncture charts can be purchased that aid in identifying the name and locations of the meridian and acupoints on the front and back of the human body. An acupuncture chart will accurately show the location of the14 primary meridians as well as some of the extra points. Most acupuncture charts also show the names and locations of meridian and acupoints on lateral sides of the human body. Normally, they also have the international standard nomenclature and alphanumeric codes.

Some acupuncture charts come in sets that may be further divided into smaller sets that show the acupoints on the whole body surface (i.e. the back, neck, front, back and lateral sides of the human body, as well as the trunk of the body and other parts of the anatomy contained in different layers). There are also charts that show the upper limbs. Other acupuncture charts will show the entire human anatomy while others simply show regions of the human anatomy.

The acupuncture chart first became prevalent during the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644) when the Chinese first printed vernacular literature in great numbers. However, over the ensuing hundreds of years they have become increasingly well known. Acupuncture charts appeared in manuals dealing with Chinese medicine and the purpose was both to instruct and identify the proper location of the acupoints. In addition to the reasons just given acupuncture charts were maintained for Chinese medicine which included reflexology, moxibution, massage and a number of other specialties.

Illustrations Aid in Understanding

Acupuncture charts don’t explain how to needle the body but rather are diagrams that show the path of channels or meridian conduits as well as the location of acupuncture points. Because there are a great deal of acupuncture points, the acupuncture charts can only display a fraction of the channels and acupuncture points which are being discussed in the text of the chart. As a result, many acupuncture charts correspond with the specific body part, body function or disorder that needs to be treated.

A few common acupuncture charts are for the ear, foot, head and stomach. Other charts also describe healing methods of hot and cold diseases as well as other ailments.

The bottom line with acupuncture charts is that their primary function is to serve as a visual enhancement to the text and they are not intended to stand alone.

Tip – For more information on Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, check out the links below.

Source by Brian Winkels

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Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) – The Mood Booster Vitamin

Vitamin B1 is known as the “mood-booster” vitamin because of its dramatic effect on our nervous system and our mood. Besides supporting the nervous system, vitamin B1 helps with carbohydrate metabolism, boosts our immune system, wards off mosquitoes, helps develop red blood cells, maintains muscle tissue, promotes growth in children and helps control motion sickness. A synthetic version of vitamin B1 is added to white flour in in order to ward off beriberi, but it is better to consume the natural form, found in abundance in whole grains. Because thiamine helps with carbohydrate metabolism, it also makes energy available for the body, including the brain. So if you are not getting enough thiamine, you may not be feeding your brain enough glucose for it to think well.

Extra Thiamine Requirements

If you are pregnant or nursing, use oral contraceptives, cigarettes or diuretics, you will need more vitamin B1. Those with diets high in refined foods, too much sugar and junk foods and/or alcohol will also have higher requirements for thiamine. Last, but not least, heavy metal pollutants like mercury and stress also use up thiamine in the body and will increase your need for it. B vitamins are used in detoxifying the body, and if you are exposed to more toxins, you will need more of the B vitamins overall.

Deficiency Symptoms of Vitamin B1

Fatigue and insomnia, bad memory, poor brain function and muscle coordination, headaches, weakness and confusion are all symptoms of Vitamin B1 deficiency. Insufficient thiamine has also been linked to mood changes, disorderly thinking, fear and feelings of uneasiness — all signs of mental depression that can often affect memory as well. Beriberi is a disease that can develop from a severe deficiency of B1, and is characterized by weakness, limb swelling and heart enlargement. It affects the nervous, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems, but is rare in the US today because of the synthetic B1 additive in white flour.

Food Sources of Vitamin B1

Although you may get enough vitamin B1 to ward off beriberi, many of us do not get the optimum amount, especially because of all the stress we are under, both physically and emotionally. Some of the best sources of Vitamin B1 are nutritional yeast, liver and whole grains like whole wheat, brown rice, oatmeal and rice bran. However, other foods like watermelon, asparagus, fresh peas, pork, ham and beef, legumes, nuts and seeds like sesame seeds are also good sources of Vitamin B1.

Also, if your gut is healthy, and has a preponderance of good bacteria (probiotics), it will be making B vitamins. However, many of us have taken antibiotics over the years that have lowered the amount of good bacteria, so unless you have taken steps to overcome that, like with large amounts of probiotics, either in supplement form or with cultured vegetables or lacto-fermented beverages, you probably aren’t making all the B vitamins your body needs.

Should You Supplement with Vitamin B1?

If you have a healthy gut and no Vitamin B deficiency symptoms, and you eat a lot of the foods containing B vitamins, you might not need to supplement. However, most of us are under enough stress and also have eaten a lot of refined foods that have stripped B vitamins from our bodies, and so vitamin B supplementation can be beneficial. However, unless know you have a big Vitamin B1 deficiency and are taking only B1 for a specific purpose and certain length of time under the care of a health care practitioner, we do not recommend supplementing only with Vitamin B1. All the B vitamins work in conjunction with each other, and often supplementing with just 1 or 2 of them can cause other B Vitamin imbalances. We recommend adding a whole food supplement containing the B Complex vitamins, such as nutritional yeast and/or whole food based B vitamins. These are very hard to find, but it is worth it to your body to use food-based vitamin B, in our opinion. It can take 6 months to 1 year to replenish your body’s supply of B vitamins, so supplementing can really help you to catch up.

Copyright 2008, Karen Pijuan. This article may be copied only in its entirety and only if all links, including those in the resource box or about the author section, remain intact.

Source by Karen Pijuan

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