Autism Signs And Symptoms – Language Problems

Learning to speak looks like an absolute miracle, but is actually a highly evolved and orchestrated skill pre-programmed into our developing brains. It is such an essential part of our existence, that it can be hard to imagine life without it. Try looking at or thinking about an object without using its name. Think about a time you were in a foreign country or in the presence of people who did not speak your language. You may have felt disconnected and uneasy as you tried to use your communication skills to no avail. Failure to speak is certainly the most easily recognizable and difficult aspect of autism or a related autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). It hinders our ability to easily teach our children about the world around them and about how to have in that world. The most common early sign of autism in a toddler is slow or no language. Sometimes words will be learned and used for a while, but they are soon lost or used inappropriately. The brain is hungry to learn and use language, however, and depending on how compromised the language learning "center" is, this can manifest itself in some surprising ways.

Echolalia – the repetition or echoing of sounds made by another person, affects more than 75% of people with autism or an ASD. It often comes across as sophisticated speech out of now, with long and intricate sentence structures. You may hear a familiar slogan or advertizing jingle (delayed echolalia), or get an exact recitation of the words you just spoke (immediate echolalia).

Scripting – Scripting is the repetition of long spoken passwords that have been heard, and is very common in autism and ASDs. It is an extension of echolalia, but tends to be longer and less immediate. A typical script would be bits of dialogue from a favorite movie, TV show or cartoon. The scripts can be surprising long, and frequently the child will repeat the dialogue from all the characters, as if reading through the script.

A skilled speech pathologist will redirect echolalia and scripting towards true communication by listening carefully to the script and building communication around the subject matter. With some help from a speech pathologist and a heavy dose of patience, you too can learn the skill of redirection.

Scripting can be used to begin teaching communication and socialization skills. Having sure fire conversation scripts helps build the give-and-take skills of real communication. For example, a script for seeing someone for the first time would be to say "Hello, how are you today" or if you want to play with a toy you can say "I would like to play with that you are done? " The child may not fully understand the meaning of the script, but these phrases are a great way to provide a scaffold on which a conversation can be built.

As they get older, autistic children will often refer to themselves by name and have great difficulty with the proper use of pronouns like I, he, she, you, we, and them. They will also rarely ask you questions and will have a hard time asking or answering who, what, when, how, and especially why questions (collectively known as the "wh" questions). Older children with autism or an ASD will often fixate on their own narrow interests and speak without allowing their conversation partner to talk or not show interest in what others have to say.

Source by Michael Shamblott

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Is S-adenosyl-L-methionine a Miracle Cure For Depression?

Not everyone who is depressed wants to take prescription drugs for depression.

Some people experience unpleasant side effects with prescription antidepressants. Many people prefer to take natural substances instead of pharmaceutical drugs, whenever possible.

Many people have heard about spectacular results for treating depression that have been achieved with a natural substance known as sam-e, or its other name, S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Sam-e is made natuarlly by our bodies, and it is found in many health food stores.

So is sam-e, really the magic, natural antidepression pill some people claim it to be?

When sam-e is taken as a supplement it can function as a very powerful drug. It is also known under several other names, including s-adenosylmethionine. Sam-e is very important in the body as a methyl donor and is needed for more than thirty different reactions in the body.

Besides treating depression, sam-e, is also used in treating arthritis and fibromyalgia.

As we age, we become less efficient at producing sam-e.

One of the many effects that sam-e has in the body is that it seems to boost various neurotransmitters in the brain such as dopamine and serotonin.

There have been over forty studies of sam-e that have shown it to be an effective treatment for depression. Most of these studies were done in Europe and were fairly small trials done over a relatively short period of time. No one yet knows if there are any long term negative effects of taking it over a period of many years.

Although it is much more common for doctors in Europe and other parts of the world to prescribe sam-e, very few doctors in North America are knowledgeable about its use in treating depression.

Doctors in North America tend to put their faith in those drugs that have been approved by the FDA after undergoing very large, very expensive drug trials paid for by large drug companies. Most North American doctors tend to ignore treatments based on herbs and other natural supplements.

Some European studies of this substance have shown that sam-e can relieve depression in about 70% of cases. This 70% success rate in treating depression is better than a placebo, and it equals the rate of cure of prescription antidepressants.

It’s very unlikely that S-adenosyl-L-methionine will ever undergo major clinical trials like those that are used to evaluate new drugs for the FDA in the United States. The reason is because sam-e is a natural substance and it can never be patented. That means no drug company could make big profits from it.

Some people who have used sam-e for depression claim that this substance lifted their mood in a matter of just two or three days. When a depressed person takes prescription antidepressants, it can take as long as six weeks to start getting an improvement in mood.

Although the supporters of sam-e claim there are few significant side effects when taking this supplement, this is not entirely true. There are side effects of taking it that you should be aware of.

Some people experience gastrointestinal discomfort when they take sam-e including nausea, gassiness, and bloating. This discomfort can usually be prevented if you take enteric-coated pills, and swallow them with a meal.

Sam-e can be very stimulating to people who take it, to the point where some people become very agitated, anxious, and can’t sleep. This side effect is cumulative and can increase the longer you take it, especially if your dose is too high.

For this reason it’s better to start with a very low dose of sam-e until you know whether you experience any negative side effects.

Although some manufacturers say you should take 400 mg of sam-e each day, this dose can trigger anxiety and insomnia in some people. In fact, people have reported experiencing agitation and an inability to sleep even at doses as low as 100 mg a day.

A starting dose of 50 mg a day may help avoid this potential side effect of agitation and insomnia.

If you have bipolar depression, you should not take sam-e. In some cases, it can aggravate the manic stage of this type of depression.

Sam-e can also cause problems when taken with other types of antidepressants.

There is another potential problem you might encounter if you take sam-e. S-adenosyl-L-methionine can increase the levels of homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine is associated with a higher risk of heart disease. If you add more Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, and Folic acid to your idaily intake, you can help convert the homocysteine back into a harmless substance.

Sam-e is a very expensive supplement, so if you decide to take it, choose a reliable brand that actually contains the substance it claims to be.

Every case of depression is different. Even though sam-e appears to have good results in alleviating depression in some people, it’s very important to work with your doctor in finding the best treatment that works for you.

Source by Royane Real

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ENT Disorders – Ear Nose and Throat Problems and Treatments

Because these three organs are inter-connected, picking up a problem in one of the three can cause a host of different problems in the other two; this is where the ENT specialist steps in as he is well versed in the treatments of any ENT disorders and the related illnesses that these problems can cause.


There are far too many disorders to list; this article is focused on a few of the common ENT ailments that most of us have had before:

1) Sinusitis – probably the most common, this is the congestion of the nasal passages, accompanied by headaches, sneezing, postnasal drip and a runny nose. Quite unpleasant but easy enough to solve [if there is no underlying serious medical condition].

2) Swimmers ear – if the earlobe is tugged the patient experiences extreme pain and the patient may have pain while chewing accompanied by swollen lymph nodes. Can be solved with over the counter medication.

3) Inner ear infection – there may be a feeling of increased pressure in the ear with a fair amount of pain, this is probably caused by a fungal infection in the inner canal and will need immediate attention.

4) Ear infection – dull pain accompanied by loss of balance, hearing and a fluid discharge are all signs of a problem can be solved by over the counter medication but if no improvement is noted after a day or two, the patient will need to see a doctor.

5) Strep throat – fever, fatigue, difficulty in swallowing, sore throat and enlarged lymph nodes, patient needs medication for this problem and will need to see a doctor for an anti-biotic and a throat analgesic.

6) Tonsillitis – really sore throat, fever, chills, and difficulty in swallowing, this condition definitely needs medical care as it is recurring and may need surgery.

There are other throat, ear and nose infections out there but the ones above are generally the most diagnosed.


* environmental – generally due to dampness [swimmers ear] an infection could occur if no care is taken in keeping the ear canal dry and clean

* viral – affect more than one part of the body and cannot be cured with a anti-biotic

* bacterial – these infections are generally localized [affect only one side of the throat] and occur when the area is bruised or damaged in some way

* fungal – the monster of the bunch, immediate attention is needed as any delay could compound the problem due to the exponential growth of fungi

Home remedies

1) Garlic oil – has antimicrobial properties and can be used to treat an ear infection
2) Ginger tea – has the same properties as garlic and can be used to soothe a sore throat
3) Eucalyptus oil – used in conjunction with steam can relieve congestion and soothe inflammation in throat or nasal infections
4) Gargle – salt is a mild antiseptic and can be gargled with water to treat a throat infection

Please remember that infants and toddlers need to see the doctor if any of these problems occur, they have a underdeveloped immune system and so need assistance with the curing/healing of any of these problems.

Source by Candice McInnes

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