Hidden Disability

The daily routine is consistent and predictable. After stopping for morning coffee and bagels, hoards of white collar professionals crowd downtown office buildings to start another day. The workers are undeniably “corporate” in mannerisms and their approach to the herculean task of representing the elite companies in the world. Among this group of employees are men and women on the autism spectrum. Some of them have been diagnosed with Aspergers, while others are simply considered high functioning autistics. This is the group that represents the seldom talked about and frequently neglected segment of autism. These professionals on the autism spectrum are very successful in many instances, as they occupy key positions in some of the world’s dominant companies.

Further, they are independent, driven, and highly respected in fields ranging from education and research to engineering and finance. From all appearances, they fit in perfectly with peers and have the same challenges as others in their chosen careers. In this scenario, appearances can be deceiving because lurking below the surface are myriad problems. Admittedly, we are referring to high performance professionals, yet their disabilities are largely invisible. Anxiety and depression are commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders, often requiring medical attention. Managing either of these conditions can be challenging, especially in high stress environments.

Conditions may go undetected for years as employees elect not to disclose medical issues for fear of reprisal or being perceived as the “weak link” among a competitive team. Moreover, there is internal pressure to maintain production to gain promotions and pay increases as the years go by. In addition, a number of professional employees on the autism spectrum experience some degree of sensory irregularities. This may range from regulating bodily temperature, adjusting to surrounding lights, handling noise levels, interpreting non-verbal communication signals, and adapting to routine management changes. Beyond the environmental issues that everyone is subjected to, many autistic adults experience physical and bodily functions unique to their own neurological makeup. For instance, there are extremely intelligent people who can only understand the written word if its read out loud. Others struggle with homonyms and how to use the right word in proper context; dear and deer is an excellent example of this type of problem. Each autistic person has his or her own communication challenges that manifests differently depending on how their brains are wired. None of these issues are visible, but they can create tremendous stress in the lives of those living with autism at all levels.

Beyond the communication nuances, there are many autistic adults involved in support groups for various concerns. For them, group participation is an important part of life as it provides an outlet to share with others with similar perspectives. Further, being active in a support group helps many adults on the spectrum remain grounded in situations that may otherwise become unmanageable. While some high functioning autistic adults are married or involved in committed relationships, others have difficulty forming and maintaining relationships. This is a matter of personal choice, but some autistics have voiced concerns regarding the lack of intimacy in their lives. Having a social network extends to friendships and the companionship they provide during times of difficulty or uncertainty. Some of the well polished professionals occupying downtown offices each day lack the closeness of human relationships. To their credit, white collar professionals on the autism spectrum have developed incredible coping skills, in both the personal and career paths, which results in maximum levels of performance.

Source by George David Williams

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What Is Autism? An Introduction to the Basics of Autism

Autism is a brain disorder which affects three main areas of human development: speech, communication, and social interaction. It is a spectrum disorder, meaning that two people with autism may have very different symptoms or characteristics.

Children have autism may have the following characteristics in their behaviors and may vary greatly in the degrees of severity.

– Spin objects or self
– Sustained unusual or repetitive play
– Little, avoid or no eye contact
– Prefer to be alone
– Delay in language development
– Insistence on sameness
– Uneven physical skills
– Laugh, cry, or show distress for unknown reasons
– Over-active or under-active
– Difficult to express needs, use gestures instead of speaking
– Repeat words or phrases in meaningless way
– Inappropriate attachment to objects
– Reject or avoid personal touch such as holding or hugging
– Unresponsive to normal teaching methods
– Oversensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain
– Failure to develop peer relationships

There is no medical test for autism. An autism diagnosis must be carried out by a team of professionals through observation and testing of the child. Usually, this can be diagnosed when the child is 2 -3 years old.

Up to now, no single cause or cure has been identified although there is extensive research on the subject.

However, autism is definitely not a result of poor parenting or the children being spoiled. Some researchers seem to suggest that it is caused by both genetic and environmental factors such as vaccines or environmental toxins.

Adaptability and intelligence tests shows that most children with autism have some level of mental retardation. However, some people with autism have average to above average intelligence. A few even have superior IQs.

In conventional medicine, autism is considered a neurological disorder which has no cure. However, there has been a number of theories, researches and evidence showing that early intervention is extremely important to the child's development and many behaviors can be positively changed.

Today, with wide research on this subject, different educational approaches and strategies have been developed and provided to provide positive results. Some children or adult, to untrained people, may appear just do not have autism at all. Studies show that highly-structured, specialized education program tailor to the child's individual needs has positive outcomes. However, there is no single teaching method for autism.

Other treatment may help include medicine, diet, vitamins, occupational and sensory therapies. It is reported that some parents find that their children's symptoms and behaviors improved by following biomedical approaches such as gluten and casein free diet and with the addition of nutritional supplements.

Source by Ruby Fu

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How To Maintain Social Life With An Autistic Child?

One out 100 children gets affected with Autism. This special child can not participate in social functions and also can not communicate. Autism is suspected to be a developmental disease. There is a school of opinion that vaccination has an impact on explosive growth of Autism in last few decades.

It’s a challenge to parenting an autistic child. First it is emotionally difficult to accept this fact that your child has autism. Parent tends to deny that autism is the main culprit rather they believe it is due to some developmental wrong with the child. Parents should accept the fact and need to educate themselves thoroughly so that they can take after the child properly.

Parent need to learn how to face the society first. They need to be emotionally strong to counter the harsh remark from people. Common folks are often indifferent to autistic child. Autistic child can not communicate properly so often they become very rude and violent in public place and patent need to listen ugly comments, inappropriate questions from people and often it is very embarrassing to parents.

Parent need to be calm and should be mentally prepared to face these kinds of challenging situations. Parents should forgive and forget the indecent behaviors of others towards the kid because mainly it is due to ignorance. The well being and complete benevolence of your child is utmost important and all other things are secondary.

You need develop tolerance to these comments and also learn to ignore this indecent behavior. You should try to educate people on autism rather than direct confrontation with them. If you confront violently, it might have adverse impact on your kid.

You need to follow the behavior of your kid and try at your level best to avoid that situation where your kid behaves irrationally. You should not go to those places which your autistic kid does not like. This strategy can help you and your kid both. You need to keep track of all worst case scenarios and also how you manage the situation in that situation.

You need to develop your skill on how to manage the situation; if your child becomes violent and behaves irrationally. You should move within a group of friends, relatives who knows your kid. This group can be very helpful in odd situations.

It is sad that people make wrong judgments, comments, and other rude gestures at your child but you need to live with this. You need to accept people behavior and work to educate people. The best thing you can do is to work to reduce he ignorance of Autism.

Source by Arindam Chattopadhyaya

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